This research considers how strategies in the city design overseas can have practical applications in the Australian context, with an emphasis on economical use of space and preservation of natural resources.
Pictures used are from Mike Matas Ted presentation of the new book by Al Gore “Our Choice”
Environmental urbanism is a well-known and long forgotten technique of combination of past experiences and natural environmental characteristics of each location and its microclimate.
The study points to a number of practical examples of understanding of climatic influencers such as wind, undulated terrain, physical structures, properties of building materials and many more. Tangible benefits of such design are manipulating natural resources to service human needs.
Relevant application of the environmental knowledge and evolved practical experience could offer a greater quality of life for its inhabitants.
Such strategies have been found only randomly appearing in few copies of European buildings here in Australia. However, it is the view of this research that previous attempts have been hamstrung from the outset by both poor research, rushed population increase and the absence of an effective holistic approach.
The research addresses these obstacles directly, and in doing so proposes a ‘second chance’ for the importing of urban sustainability strategies used overseas. Asking for legislative change necessary to facilitate it, it offers an agenda that learns from mistakes of the past in order to present an optimistic vision for the future.
* Urban sustainability
* Micro climate and urbanism
* Urban growth in harmony with nature
* Sustainable neighbourhoods
* Urbanization and health
* Cities in transition
PRACTICE EXAMPLES APPLICABLE TO VICTORIA AUSTRALIA
Tatjana MEDVEDEV, arch.
For centuries houses have been designed and built by trial and error with new designs improving on previous ones perpetually.
From times of building ancient cities and before good design books were printed, developer will import a talented tradesmen – artist who knew “the secret”.
After those triumphant times of grand designs and glorious structures in the very intensive growth and progress of civilisation, last few centuries, world wide housing went through very complex changing process.
First built human settlements were in the full correspondence with nature, which was the primary condition for their sustainable existence. Small villages, as the dominant type of human settlements, centuries and centuries after, where built in the accordance with the dominant characteristics of their natural surroundings.